The resume and Curriculum Vitae (CV) are used in different types of job searches; read below to learn more about their differences and when to use each. 


  • Used to apply to most non-academic jobs (e.g., consultant, engineer, accountant, etc.) where specific skills in a tailored document are the main reason an employer will hire you. 
  • Demonstrates that you have the skills and experience to succeed in an internship or job.
  • Usually 1 to 2 pages long.
  • Usually does not include references.


  • Typically used to apply for faculty positions, grants, fellowships, or research positions within an academic setting. Wherever your research productivity and teaching experience would be valued, use a CV.
  • Showcases your academic achievements, including the research you’ve conducted, classes you’ve taught, articles you've published, and conferences where you have presented.
  • There’s no limit to the length of a CV, as long as you’re showcasing your academic achievements. They are typically no shorter than three pages.
  • It is customary to list your references with their full title and contact information.

What do CVs and resumes have in common?

Both CVs and resumes provide employers with a summary of your accomplishments, and they both take a great deal of time to develop.

When should you convert your CV to a resume?

If you’re considering doing something other than teaching or research, you might create a resume that is tailored to the specific industry that interests you, highlighting the experiences that demonstrate that you can do the job.

Should you ever use a “blended” document?

Yes! For example, research labs might be interested in your patents and publications, but they will also be interested in your technical skills.